ROMANIA
- august 11 -


The 1999 eclipse path

The path of the umbra will begin in North Atlantic, will cross the South of England, the Central Europe, the Middle East and India.

The penumbra will be much larger, covering the northwest of North America, all Europe, North Africa and western Asia.

The Moon's shadow first reaches the surface of Earth 09:30:57 UT, in the Atlantic Ocean, at south of Nova Scotia and arrives in the Isles of Scilly, on the southwestern coast of England at 10:10 UT. Here, the path will have a width of 103 km and a ground velocity of 0.91 km/s.

The umbra will reach the Cornwall Peninsula at 10:11 UT and Plymouth (the largest English city in the path) at 10:30 UT. London will miss the total phase, but will experience a partial phase with a maximum magnitude of 0.968.

The umbra will leave England at 10:16 UT, entering the northern France. Its southern edge will pass 30 kilometers north of Paris, where only the partial phase will be seen, with a magnitude of 0.992 at 10:23 UT.

The northern edge of the umbra will cross South Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, and it's center will enter South Germany at 10:33, in the Rhine Valley area. At 10:41 UT the umbra will leave Germany, entering Austria. The path will pass at 40 km south of Vienna, which will experience a partial phase of 0.990.

The southern limit of the path will cross Slovenia, then the umbra will reach Hungary at 10:47. In the Lake Balaton area, the total phase will have a duration of 2 minutes 22 seconds at 10:10:50 UT. The umbra will pass at 40 km south of Budapest, where the partial phase will have a magnitude of 0.991.

The moment of greatest eclipse, when the axis of the Moon's shadow will pass closest to the center of Earth, will happen close to Ramnicu-Valcea, at 11:03:04 TU (14:03:04 Romanian time). The phase of totality will last here for 2 minutes and 23 seconds, the umbra will have a ground velocity of 0.680 km/s, and the Sun's altitude will be 59.

The Moon's shadow will reach Bucharest at 11:07 UT, where the phase of totality will have a duration of 2 minutes 22 seconds. Bucharest has the privilege of beeing located on the center line of the path and very close to the place of the greatest eclipse, so the duration of the total phase will be very close to the maximum duration.

The umbra will then cross Turkey (10:21 UT), passing at 150 km north of Ankara, Syria, Iraq and Pakistan, at it will enter India at 12:28 UT.

As the shadow approaches the Bay of Bengal, its ground velocity will increase and the totality duration will be shorter and shorter.

At Calcutta, only the partial phase will be visible, with a maximum magnitude of 0.879.

The umbra will leave India just north of Vishakhapatnam at 12:36 UT, and will leave the surface of Earth at 12:36:23 UT in the Bay of Bengal area.

The total duration of the Moon's shadow course through the surface of Earth will be 3 hours and 7 minutes, and the path will cover 0.2% of Earth surface.

In Romania, the eclipse will be visible from every corner of the country, but the total phase will only be seen from those cities placed around the line between Timisoara and Mangalia. The table below presents some eclipse elements for the most importants cities in Romania.

City
Phase
Time
Magnitude
Sun altitude
Total duration
maximum phase duration
Brasov
P
11:04:46
0.988
58
02h46m
-
Bucuresti
T
11:06:59
1.029
59
02h47m
02m22s
Cluj-Napoca
P
11:00:07
0.976
58
02h45m
-
Constanta
P
11:11:44
0.998
58
02h46m
-
Craiova
P
11:02:59
0.990
60
02h49m
-
Galati
P
11:09:10
0.973
58
02h45m
-
Ploiesti
T
11:06:17
1.028
59
02h47m
01m26s
Timisoara
T
10:56:53
1.029
59
02h48m
02m02s




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